All about CAVES

This video gives an overview of ESA's underground training course. An abbreviation of Cooperative Adventure for Valuing and Exercising human behaviour and performance Skills, CAVES prepares astronauts to work safely and effectively and solve problems as a multicultural team while exploring uncharted areas using space procedures.

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Mars mineral globe

This unique atlas comprises a series of maps showing the distribution and abundance of minerals formed in water, by volcanic activity, and by weathering to create the dust that makes Mars red.
Together the maps provide a global context for the dominant geological processes that have defined the planet’s history.

The maps were built from ten years of data collected by the OMEGA visible and infrared mineralogical mapping spectrometer on Mars Express.

The animation cycles through maps showing: individual sites where a range of minerals that can only be formed in the presence of water were detected; maps of olivine and pyroxene, minerals that tell the story of volcanism and the evolution of the planet’s interior; and ferric oxide and dust. Ferric oxide is a mineral phase of iron, and is present everywhere on the planet: within the bulk crust, lava outflows and the dust oxidised by chemical reactions with the martian atmosphere, causing the surface to ‘rust’ slowly over billions of years, giving Mars its distinctive red hue.

The map showing hydrated minerals includes detections made by both ESA’s Mars Express and by NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.

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Mars Express ten year highlights

The journey of Mars Express, from drawing board through launch, to its key science highlights during ten years of operations. With its suite of seven instruments, Mars Express has studied the subsurface of the Red Planet to the upper atmosphere and beyond to the two tiny moons Phobos and Deimos, providing an in depth analysis of the planet’s history and returning stunning 3D images.

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Luca Parmitano’s Volare begins

Highlights of launch preparations to liftoff and weightlessness. ESA astronaut Luca Parmitano, Russian Soyuz commander Fyodor Yurchikhin and NASA astronaut Karen Nyberg lifted off from Baikonur Cosmodrome on 28 May 2013. All three will be part of the Station’s Expedition 36/37 crew.

Luca’s mission is named ‘Volare’ – ‘to fly’ in Italian – to symbolise the search for new frontiers and opportunities for discovery. The spacecraft lifted off from Baikonur spaceport at 20:31:24 GMT and reached orbit nine minutes later. In under six hours while orbiting Earth four times the Soyuz docked with the Rassvet module on the International Space Station.

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Radiation Measured by NASA’s Curiosity on Voyage to Mars has Implications for Future Human Missions

Measurements taken by NASA's Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) mission as it delivered the Curiosity rover to Mars in 2012 are providing NASA the information it needs to design systems to protect human explorers from radiation exposure on deep-space expeditions in the future.

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