Results of NASA scientists’ recent research on human DNA are enhancing our knowledge about human genetics and may help us to better understand human diseases.
Scientists at NASA’s Ames Research Center, Moffet Field, Calif., in collaboration with scientists from Yale University, New Haven, Conn., designed a complete map of all gene activities in human tissue.
“As a result of this research, we have a more comprehensive view of human gene activity. This will enable scientists to better understand gene responses to space flight and help NASA ensure astronauts’ well being during long duration space flights or exploring the moon and Mars,” said Dr. Viktor Stolc, director of the Genome Research Facility at Ames.
When the non-profit organisation IdéeVerte Compétition decided to create a ‘green’ racing car, they turned to space technology to make it safer. Running on liquefied petroleum gas, one of the least polluting fuels, and lubricated with sunflower oil, the car is protected against fire hazards by space materials. ‘Green’ does not have to mean slow – last week the car set a new speed record of 315 km/h.
The Cat’s Eye Nebula (NGC 6543), seen in detail by the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, is one of the most complex planetary nebulae ever seen in space.
NASA Astronaut Leroy Chiao is getting his arms around his job as Expedition 10 commander with a little help from the International Space Station’s robotic arm.
As is the case with every Station crew, practice sessions with the Station’s 58-foot robotic arm, Canadarm2, are scheduled early in the mission to exercise the arm and provide practical training for astronauts. Monday, Chiao, in the Destiny Laboratory, used the arm to give engineers in the Mission Evaluation Room of Mission Control video of a protective panel on the outside the module. A possible indentation was seen there in imagery from the most recent Space Shuttle mission to the Station in November 2002 (STS-113/11A).
On 9 November 2004 the Ariane-5 booster’s solid rocket motor was test fired in the Booster Engine Test Stand at Europe’s Spaceport in French Guiana. This test is part of ESA’s Ariane research and technology support programme, better known as ARTA.
Would Columbus have reached the New World if his ships could not carry enough water for their crews? Would Lewis and Clark have made it to the Pacific if they had no fresh water along the way?
The answer is probably no, because water is just as precious to explorers as it is to everyone on Earth. Water is one of the most crucial provisions astronauts need to live and work in space, whether orbiting Earth, working at a lunar base or traveling to Mars. That’s why NASA is following several different but complementary avenues at four agency centers to develop dependable ways of recycling water.
“Developing innovative life support technologies will reduce risks associated with human space exploration,” said Eugene Trinh, director of the Human System Research and Technology Program, NASA Headquarters, Washington. “We are working to improve technology used onboard the International Space Station (ISS) and have several research projects under way for future missions to the moon and Mars.”
The ever-shifting sands of the Sahara desert cover a large section of Mauritania. They all but obscure the remarkable Guelb Richat or Richat structure, although its heart remains clear like a bulls-eye in the middle of this Envisat image.
These images, taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board ESA’s Mars Express spacecraft, are Europe’s highest-resolution pictures so far of the Martian moon Phobos.
NASA is looking for the best ideas for missions, capabilities and technologies, as the agency makes plans for the future. Through a Request for Information (RFI), the agency invited public participation in NASA’s Capability Roadmap Public Workshop in Washington November 30.
The public workshop is an opportunity to share innovative approaches. The registration request and capability white paper submission deadline is 4 p.m. EST, Nov. 16. Strategic white papers are due to NASA by December 10.
The workshop is open to the public and media, but advance registration is required to attend.
To register and obtain workshop information, including the RFI on the Web, visit:
Nov. 5, 2004 Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)
It is with regret that I offer my resignation from the post of President of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) for physical reasons.
Under my presidency of former NASDA since July 2000, in the wake of the failure of H-II launch vehicle, we did achieve the successful launches of the Information Gathering Satellite and other satellites by the five H-IIA launch vehicles under the supports and encouragements of the related parties.
With added and challenging responsibility as the first President of JAXA since last October, I have exerted my best efforts for the integration of the three space organizations and the subsequent new progress of space development in Japan.
However, just after the integration, we faced a series of malfunctions and troubles including the failure of H-IIA launch vehicle No.6, for which I felt personal responsibility.
I have, therefore, been working with the executives and employees as a team for the purpose of resuming launches and restoring public trust. In this context, I’m deeply grateful for the sincere discussions among many people about promoting highly reliable space development,and for the valuable advices and suggestions during these periods.
I earnestly hope that the Japanese space development could regain the greater public trust and make a further leap forward under the leadership of a newly appointed President in the days ahead.